7 Understanding different fertility treatment options

The joy of parenthood is simply priceless. However, many couples face issues while conceiving. The statistics of infertility or the inability to conceive in spite of having regular unprotected sex are staggering. Certainly, infertility issues affect not only physical but emotional wellbeing. Thanks to advancements in science, technology, and equipment, there are numerous safe and successful fertility treatment options offering a ray of hope to childless couples. If you are looking for fertility treatment options, various well-known fertility center in Delhi offer the latest treatments, including IVF, ICSI procedure, IUI treatment, and many more.

Infertility can be due to various factors that affect reproduction. The fertility treatment options that are best suited for you depend on your infertility issues and personal conditions, whether the problem is from the female partner’s side or male’s side or both sides or, in some cases, unexplained causes. Sometimes both partners need to be treated, whereas sometimes, only one of the partners needs treatment. Infertility treatment depends on:

Age factor

What is causing infertility

How long has the couple/any of the partners been infertile

Personal preferences

Treatment for men- Fertility treatment options for men include general sexual problems or lack of healthy sperm –

Lifestyle changes – certain changes in lifestyle habits can improve chances for pregnancy, including regular exercise, discontinuing certain medications, reducing or eliminating harmful substances, optimizing some factors, etc.

Medications – In some conditions, certain medications can help improve sperm production, quality, and count, increasing chances of conceiving.

Surgery – In some cases, surgery may be a treatment option to restore fertility by reversing a sperm blockage.

Sperm retrieval – When ejaculation is a problem or when no sperm are present in the ejaculated fluid, this technique is used.

Treatment options for women

Fertility drugs to stimulate ovulation- females facing infertility because of ovulation disorders can be treated using fertility drugs to regulate or induce ovulation.

IUI (Intrauterine insemination)- this is also called alternative insemination or artificial insemination. In this treatment option, partner or donor sperm is placed directly in a woman’s uterus with a thin tube about the time the ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized.

Surgery – in the case of female partners facing issues with uterine problems, including endometrial polyps, intrauterine scar tissue, a uterine septum, and some fibroids, can be treated with hysteroscopic surgery. If issues are due to blocked or scarred fallopian tubes of the female partner, surgery is suggested to repair them break up the scar tissue in fallopian tubes, which makes it easy for eggs to pass through them. Laparoscopic surgery or surgery with a larger incision of the abdomen may be needed in case of endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, larger fibroids, etc.

Assisted reproductive technology

ART (Assisted reproductive technology) refers to treatments and procedures that aim to achieve pregnancy. In simple words, it is the assistance provided to address infertility.

There are different types of ART.

IVF- IVF (In vitro fertilization) is the most common and successful type of ART. It involves stimulating and retrieving multiple mature eggs from the female partner, fertilizing them with sperm in a dish in a lab until it becomes an embryo, and implanting it back in the uterus. There are various additional assisted technologies that may be used with IVF, such as :

Assisted hatching

Cryopreservation (freezing) of eggs, sperm, or embryos

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI treatment)

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) (also known as pre-implantation genetic screening, or PGS)

GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer)- In this technique, instead of fertilizing the egg outside the body, egg and sperm are placed together into one of the fallopian tubes of a female partner.

ZIFT (zygote intrafallopian transfer)- in this technique, the zygote is positioned in one of the fallopian tubes via laparoscopic surgery.

Finding the right doctor is essential to understand available treatment options and take a step forward towards the joy of parenthood.