Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, is a common condition that can cause significant damage to your teeth and jaw. It can occur during the day or night and can lead to a range of symptoms, including headaches, jaw pain, and worn-down teeth. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for teeth grinding.

Causes of Teeth Grinding

Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, can be caused by a variety of factors. These may include:

Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety are among the most common causes of teeth grinding. When you feel stressed or anxious, you may clench your jaw and grind your teeth, especially during sleep.


Malocclusion, or an improper bite, can cause teeth grinding as your jaw tries to find a more comfortable position.

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea or snoring, can contribute to teeth grinding.


Certain medications, such as antidepressants, can cause teeth grinding as a side effect.

Lifestyle Factors

Certain lifestyle factors can also contribute to teeth grinding. For example, drinking alcohol, smoking, or using recreational drugs can increase your risk of teeth grinding.

Dental Problems

Dental problems such as missing teeth, crooked teeth, or an abnormal bite can cause teeth grinding.


Teeth grinding is more common in children, but it can also occur in adults.

Symptoms of Teeth Grinding

The symptoms of teeth grinding can vary from person to person but may include:


Frequent headaches, especially in the morning, can be a sign of teeth grinding.

Jaw Pain

Jaw pain, stiffness, or soreness can be a result of clenching or grinding your teeth.

Worn-Down Teeth

Teeth grinding can wear down your teeth, making them shorter or flatter than they should be.

Tooth Sensitivity

Teeth grinding can cause tooth sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods and drinks.

Treatment Options for Teeth Grinding

There are several treatment options available for teeth grinding, including:


Mouthguards, or night guards, can help protect your teeth from further damage caused by grinding. They are custom-fitted to your teeth and are worn while sleeping.

Stress Reduction

Reducing stress and anxiety through relaxation techniques or therapy can help alleviate teeth grinding.

Correcting Malocclusion

If malocclusion is the cause of your teeth grinding, correcting it through orthodontic treatment can help.


In some cases, medications such as muscle relaxants or antidepressants can be prescribed to help alleviate teeth grinding.

Preventing Teeth Grinding

There are several things you can do to prevent teeth grinding, including:

Reduce Stress

Reducing stress and anxiety through relaxation techniques or therapy can help prevent teeth grinding.

Avoid Stimulants

Avoiding stimulants such as caffeine and alcohol can help prevent teeth grinding.

Practice Good Sleep Habits

Establishing good sleep habits, such as going to bed and waking up at the same time each day, can help prevent teeth grinding.

Avoid Chewing on Hard Objects

Avoiding chewing on hard objects, such as pencils or fingernails, can help prevent teeth grinding.


Teeth grinding can be a painful and damaging condition, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, it can be managed effectively. If you suspect that you may be grinding your teeth, speak with your dentist to determine the cause and develop a treatment plan that works for you. With the right care and maintenance, you can protect your teeth and prevent further damage caused by teeth grinding.